Art Therapies - An Opportunity for Expanding One's World



Phenomenology, Aesthetic Analysis, Poetry, Decentering, Expressive Art Therapy


Throughout history, humans have sought to align themselves with the forces of nature and explore their connection to both the visible and invisible realms. Even in primitive times, individuals endeavored to grapple with chaos and fear through the medium of art. The development of theories concerning art commenced in antiquity, tracing its origins back to ancient times. The development of concepts regarding mental disorders has a centuries-old history, although the formalization of psychiatry as a medical field and psychotherapy as a treatment method gained momentum in the 19th century. Art therapy, as a psychotherapeutic approach, is relatively more recent and represents a synthesis of two distinct disciplines. Despite its relatively brief history, art therapy has given rise to numerous theories, among them the phenomenological approach that serves as a foundation for expressive art therapy. Unlike other psychotherapeutic methods, which rely primarily on verbal communication, art therapy possesses a wealth of tangible evidence in the form of artistic creations. Nonetheless, it encounters a formidable challenge when attempting to articulate treatment outcomes. The challenge of establishing art therapy as a scientifically validated discipline stems not solely from its intricate nature as a hybrid field, but also from the endeavor to harmonize scientific rigor with practical application. Not only does the field encompass a multitude of theories guiding the practical aspects of therapy, but it also encompasses numerous theories concerning the interpretation of artistic creations. Describing treatment outcomes in a manner that satisfies scientific standards presents a greater challenge, as art therapy prioritizes individualization over standardization. Conversely, despite the aforementioned complexities, the methodology of art-based research has unlocked the potential for nuanced exploration, providing a broad spectrum of insights and aiding researchers in approaching and elucidating the 'indescribable'.


არისტოტელე. (1979). პოეტიკა. თბილისი, განათლება.

კეხელე, ჰ. (2018). არტთერაპია და კვლევა - ერთმანეთთან ისე, როგორც ძაღლი და კატა. არტთერაპია ფსიქიკური დარღვევების დროს. თბილისი. არტანუჯი.

იუნგი, კ.გ. (2017). მეტამორფოზის სიმბოლოები. თბილისი, დიოგენე.

მეხლერ-შიონახი, ქ. (2018). სცენური არტთერაპია. არტთერაპია ფსიქიკური დარღვევების დროს. თბილისი, არტანუჯი.

მეხლერ-შიონახი, ქ. (2018). არტთერაპიული თეორიის შექმნის შესახებ; არტთერაპია ფსიქიკური დარღვევების დროს. თბილისი, არტანუჯი.

ტიტცე, დ. (2018). ხელოვნების პოტენცია; არტთერაპია ფსიქიკური დარღვევების დროს. თბილისი, არტანუჯი.

ჰაიდეგერი, მ. (2019). ყოფიერება და დრო. თბილისი, Carpe diem.

Chaplin, A.D. (2005). Art and Embodiment: Biological and Phenomenological Contributions to Understanding Beauty and the Aesthetic. Toronto, Contemporary Aesthetics.

Freud, S. (1905). Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious.

Kandinsky, V. (2011). On the Spiritual in Art; Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum Library and Archives.

Knill, P.J. (2017). Community Art: Communal Art-Making to Build a Sense of Coherence. New Developments in Expressive Arts Therapies, The Play of Poiesis. London and Philadelphia. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Knill, P.J. (2005). Communal Art-making and Conflict Transformation.

Kramer, E. (2000). Art as Therapy; London and Philadelphia. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Levine, S.K. Philosophical Foundations of Expressive Arts Therapy: Towards a Therapeutic Aesthetics. Bulletin of Psychology and the Art.

Levine, S.K. (2020). Ecopoiesis: Towards a poietic ecology.

Levine, S.K. (2009). Trauma, Tragedy, Therapy; London and Philadelphia. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Lindqvist, G. (2003). Vygotsky's Theory of Creativity. Creativity Research Journal. University of Karlstad.

Lombroso, C. (1891). The Man of Genius.

Marcuse, H. (1995). Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud. Kiev, Port Royal.

Moustakas, C. (1994). Phenomenological Research Methods, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks California.

Mittelmark, M.B. Georg, F. Bauer, G.F. (2016). The Meanings of Salutogenesis.

Naumburg, M. (1987). Dynamically oriented art Therapy: Its Principles and Practice. Chicago, Magnolia Street Publishers.

Rank, O. (1914). The Myth of the Birth of the Hero, A psychological interpretation of mythology. New York, The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease Publishing Company

Stitelmann, J. (2012). Modality: A Phenomenological Concept For Expressive Art Therapies. Genève, Suisse; L'ATELIER – 24

van Manen, M. (2007). Phenomenology of Practice. University of Alberta; 1(1):11–30.

Vygotsky, L. (1974). The Psychology of Art. The MIT Press.

Winnicott, D.W. (1989). Playing and Reality. London, Routledge.



How to Cite

Panjikidze, N. (2023). Art Therapies - An Opportunity for Expanding One’s World. Health Policy, Economics and Sociology, 7(2). Retrieved from